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深度丨林业长周期见效“慢” 央企中林集团“快瘦身”减负债

发布时间:2021-01-14 来源:经济观察网

CHUBUCESUAN,JIEZHI2020NIAN12YUEMO,ZHONGLINJITUANHEBINGKOUJINGZICHANFUZHAILVYUE67%ZUOYOU,YIWANCHENGGUOZIWEIDUIYUFUZHAILVJIANGDAO70%YIXIADEYAOQIU。

XINGUANFEIYANYIQINGDAILAICHONGJIYEMEIZUAIYANGQIQUANMIANJIANGGANGGAN、JIANFUZHAIDEBUFA。

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XIANSHIXIA,ZHONGGUOQUANMIANJINZHITIANRANLINSHANGYEXINGCAIFA,MUCAICHANLIANGXUNSUJIANGDI,LINYECHANYEJIDAIZHUANXINGSHENGJI,YANGQIYEBEIFU“ERCICHUANGYE”ZHONGDAN。JIUCI,ZHONGLINJITUANZUOFASHIFAHUILINGTOUZUOYONG,KUODAMUCAIJINKOULIANG,YINLINGHEPINGHENGGUONEIMUCAISHICHANGGONGQIUGUANXI。

“HULVWEIBEN”,“LVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHITIANTIANYOUXIDATINGXIAZAIYINSHAN”……TIANRANLINQUANMIANJINFABEIJINGXIA,LINYEMIANLINMUCAILAIYUANHECHU,PINGHENGSHENGTAI,FAZHANHEBAOHUJIANGUDE“KAOWEN”,ZAISHENGTAICHANYEZHUZHANCHANGSHANG,ZHONGLINJITUANRUHEZOUXIANGLINYECHANYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZHILU?

林业长周期“慢产业”:营收、净利双增

LINYEZAIZHONGGUODECHANYEDIWEIBURONGZHIHUI。HENGKUAYI、ER、SANCHANYE,CHANYELIANTIAOZHANG、HANGAIFANWEIGUANG、JIUYERONGLIANGDA,SHEJI100DUOWANJIAQIYEJISHUYINONGMIN。

LINYEYESHIYIGEZHOUQIZHANGDE“MANCHANYE”。2014NIANYILAI,WOGUOYIZHUBUTINGZHITIANRANLINSHANGYEXINGCAIFA,GUOCHANSHANGPINMUCAIGONGYINGJIANSHAO,JINKOUMUCAIYICHENGWEIWOGUOMUYESHENGCHANZHUYAOLAIYUAN。JIZHECHAYUEZILIAOHUOXI,GUONEIMUCAIXUQIUDUIWAIYICUNDUCHAOGUO60%,XINGYEMENJIANDI、XIAOYICHA,FAZHANCUFANG,SHICHANGCANYUZHUTIYIMINYINGQIYEWEIZHU,GUOZIQIYECANYUDUXIANGDUIJIAODI。

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LINYEBANKUAIWEIZIYINGYEWU,SHOURU、MAOLIZHUNIANSHANGSHENG。2019NIANSHOURUTONGBISHANGSHENG18.5%,MAOLILV19.04%。JIEZHIMUQIAN,ZHONGLINJITUANZAIJINGNEIWAIKEKONGSENLINZIYUANMIANJICHAOGUO1500WANMU,HANGAIZHONGQINGHEGUANGXILIANGDAGUOJIAZHANLVECHUBEILINXIANGMU。

“多运一根木材,当地就少砍伐一棵树”。

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“YIPIANSHULINJIUSHIYIGETANKU。”

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“瘦身”减负债:负债率下降至70%以内  融资成本整体下行

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JINSANNIANLAI,ZHONGLINJITUANYINGYEZONGSHOURUFENBIEWEI938.09YIYUAN、1,305.48YIYUANHE1,600.25YIYUAN,LIRUNZONGEFENBIEWEI4.90YIYUAN、5.58YIYUANHE7.76YIYUAN,SHOURU、LIRUNJUNCHENGZHUNIANZENGZHANGQUSHI。YEWUGUIMODEZENGZHANGTISHENGLEJITUANZAIYENEIDEYINGXIANGLI,TONGSHIYEZENGJIALEDUIZIJINDEXUQIU,YINCIDAIXIFUZHAIGUIMOZHUBUZENGZHANG。JIEZHI2020NIAN9YUEMO,JITUANHEBINGKOUJINGDAIXIFUZHAIYUE658YIZUOYOU,DUANQIFUZHAIZHANBI56%ZUOYOU,GAIBILIJINNIANLAIXIANGDUIWENDING,FEILIUDONGFUZHAIZHONGZHUYAOYIZHONGZHANGQIXIANZHAIWUWEIZHU。

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TIANTIANYOUXIDATINGXIAZAIYIWEIQUANSHANGZHAIQUANFENXISHITOULUYIZHONGGUANDIAN:“ZHAIQUANFAXINGZENGJIASHUOMINGQIYEYOUZHAIWUZHIHUANYALI,XUYAOGUNDONGFAXINGZHAIWULAIMUJIZIJIN。RUOYINXINGDUITEDINGQIYEDESHOUXINEDUBUZENGJIA,BUFENQIYEZHINENGKAOZHAIQUANSHICHANGLAIRONGZI。ZHAIQUANFAXINGLIANGJIANSHAOFANERBUZHENGCHANG,TIXIANRONGZIHUANJINGJIAOJIN。”

JIEZHI2020NIAN10YUEMO,ZHONGLINJITUANJINRONGJIGOUSHOUXINZONGE1471YI,2020NIANJIAO2019NIANMOXINZENGGELEISHOUXIN256YIYUAN,QIZHONGGUOKAIXING100YIYUAN,JIANXING40YIYUAN,NONGXING10YI,JUYOUJIAODADECAIWUDANXING。ZHONGLINJITUANZHAIWUSHOURUZHUYAOWEIYINXINGJIEKUANHEFAXINGZHAIQUAN,YIWEIHUSHANGCAIWUZHUANJIARENWEI:“ZHONGLINJITUANZUOWEILINYEBANKUAIWEIYIYANGQI,ZAICHENGDANSHEHUIZHINENGSHI,XIANGSHOUGUOJIATEDINGDEDAIKUAN、SHUISHOU、TUDIZHENGCEYOUHUIDENG,JINYIBUHUODELAIZIYINXINGHEZHENGFUZHICHI,DUICHANGZHAILAIYUANXINGCHENGBUCHONG。”

“LVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHITIANTIANYOUXIDATINGXIAZAIYINSHAN”……ZAISHENGTAICHANYEDEZHUZHANCHANGSHANGRUHEJIANGUPINGHENGYUFAZHAN,ZHONGLINJITUANRENZHONGERTIANTIANYOUXIDATINGXIAZAI。

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